Origins of the Semi-Truck
At the start of the 20th century, transportation was going through a time of change. With the development of the first everyday automobile in the late 19th century and the invention of Henry Ford’s assembly lines, making cars became more affordable and accessible than ever before, pushing transportation into a new era. With automobiles on the rise, other automotive-based inventions began coming about too. A great example of this is the semi-truck. Two different inventors are credited with its creation. Each design serving similar purposes.
Winton is known as the first inventor of the first semi-truck.
In 1896, Alexander Winton went into the business of the “horseless carriages” in Cleveland, Ohio. His company, the Winton Motor Carriage Company of Cleveland, sold their first 22 cars in 1898. The cars needed to be delivered to their buyers, however, the buyers lived hundreds of miles away from Cleveland. Winton wanted to be able to deliver his products to the buyers directly without putting any wear and tear or mileage on the vehicles. In order to do that, Winton developed a car hauler his company could use to transport the vehicles. By 1899, the company was making the hauler for its own use and for other car manufacturers. This was the first appearance of what we know today as a semi-truck.
Fruehauf, is also known as one of first inventors of the same design idea around the same time.
In 1914, Charles Fruehauf was working as a blacksmith and carriage builder in Detroit, Michigan. That year, a local lumber tycoon named Frederic M. Sibley Sr. asked Fruehauf to build him a trailer. Sibley Sr. wanted to transport his boat to upper Michigan by towing it with a trailer on the back of his Ford Model T.
The trailer was so successful, that Sibley Sr. had Fruehauf build similar vehicles to use at his lumber yard. Fruehauf called these vehicles “semi-trailers.” Fruehauf’s semi-trailers were a success and business grew. Four years later, in 1918, Fruehauf incorporated his business to form the Fruehauf Trailer Company.
Present Day Semi-Trucks
Over 70 percent of the goods and commodities in the United States are transported by truck. Without the trucking industry and its over 3.5 million truck drivers that keep it running, the economy would come to a standstill. To move 10.5 billion tons of freight each year, the industry requires over 3.4 million heavy-duty trucks and over 38 billion gallons of diesel fuel.
Semi-trucks serve to transport large loads across the country, which is the very purpose of their inspiration! With the body styles and innerworkings of semi’s adapting to the ever-changing world we live in, the trucking industry is often deemed the “lifeblood” of the American economy.